Juji Gatame — Cross Armlock
by Neil Ohlenkamp
The Kodokan Judo technique Ude Hishigi Juji Gatame is commonly called juji gatame, or cross armlock. It gets its name from the position of the person doing the technique (tori) across the opponent’s body. It is one of the most effective armlocks in judo, and it is consistently the number one winning armlock used in international judo competition. It is equally effective when used for self-defense, and the technique is included in many modern and traditional jujutsu systems. It is particularly powerful because toriis using the entire body, including the strength of the legs and hips, to control the person receiving the technique (uke) and to apply tremendous pressure to the straightened arm. For this reason it can be done against much larger or stronger opponents without difficulty. For the same reason it is also potentially dangerous and should only be practiced with proper safety precautions and instruction.
There are many variations of juji gatame done from different positions and angles, and numerous entries to the armlock from various opportunities. These include variations done when uke is between your legs and you are on your back, turnovers from the hands and knees position, and the flying juji gatame done from the standing position